The plan, in fact, is a formula for paralysis. "Whatever scheme the Russians, Chinese and Iranians agree to, it is likely to neutralize the power of U.S. secondary sanctions and 'multilateralize' the snapback sanctions mechanism," says Mark Dubowitz of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. "In whatever diplomatic formula is implemented, we are likely to run into a wall of Russian and Chinese intransigence and lose the power of American economic coercion in response to Iranian cheating or challenging of the IAEA." That essentially means that once lifted, sanctions won't be reactivated in any meaningful time period. Dubowitz explains: "Without effective economic coercion to enforce the deal, Iran will be able to inch-out or sneakout to a bomb or wait patiently for 10-15 years when most of the restrictions on its program will sunset. At that point, after hundreds of billions of dollars in sanctions relief, Iran will have a powerful economy increasingly immunized against any future snapback scenario."
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